Garden materials are the material basis of garden construction and an objective carrier for expressing planning ideas. There are two fundamental methods for the selection of ancient garden materials in China: one is the tailoring method based on the use of natural materials and the simple processing; the other is the method of selecting materials that meet the requirements based on the engineering and technical conditions at that time. With the development of garden art and the advancement of science and technology, the use and development of modern garden materials have taken on a new look.
Inheritance and Sublation of Traditional Materials
As far as stone is concerned, it has a long history of application in Chinese gardens. The development of modern engineering technology has enabled it to be used as the surface decoration of various constructions, roads, sketches, etc. on the basis of preserving the original Laoshan, setting stones, and constructing gardens, etc., or made into sketches. For example, by processing granite boards of different colors and textures as surface materials of paving and flower beds, the entire environment can be seen as neat and elegant. However, with the emergence of modern engineering materials such as reinforced concrete, the use of stone as structural engineering materials in gardens has gradually decreased.
In recent years, new varieties of ceramic products have continuously appeared, which are dizzying. At present, the ceramic products used in gardens are mainly colored glazed tiles, unglazed tiles, split tiles, hemp tiles, glass tiles, infiltrated tiles, ceramic mosaic tiles, ceramic petroglyphs, and glass products.
The ceramic permeable bricks presented in recent years, because of the place where they can be laid can make rainwater quickly penetrate into the ground and add groundwater content, so it has a wide application prospect in water-scarce areas.
At the same time, some materials that were once less commonly used in gardens are beginning to be used. Metal was rarely used in ancient Chinese gardens. In modern gardens, metal is not only widely used as structural information, but also used to make garden sketches, which has a unique charm.
The continuous advancement of technological level has greatly enhanced the expressiveness of the scenes of the materials, and made the modern garden scenes more vibrant and vital.
Embossed concrete, also known as "strengthening road art system", is used in the construction stage to fix, color match, and enhance the appearance of unhardened concrete using three chemical raw materials: colorful strengthening agents, colorful release agents, and colorless sealants. The strength of the obtained concrete is better than that of other materials, or even ordinary concrete pavement. The selectivity of pictures and colors is strong, and various pictures can be imprinted according to needs, resulting in beautiful visual effects.
With the advancement of science and technology, it is an inevitable trend that the variety of garden materials is continuously enriched and the use is continuously expanded. In the process of selecting materials, garden builders must adhere to the basic principles of tailoring and tailoring; on the other hand, they must have the energy to keep pace with the times, be courageous, and constantly explore and test the use and implementation of new data.