Garden paving refers to the ground paving and decoration using various materials, including garden roads, squares, event venues, and building floors. The garden paving not only has the functions of organizing traffic and guiding tours, but also provides people with a good place for rest and activities. At the same time, it directly creates beautiful ground landscapes, giving people a beautiful enjoyment and enhancing the artistic effect of gardens.
One basic method
Uses and scales of commonly used materials
Uses: Commonly used in paving and structures such as squares, water features, platforms, roads, landscape walls, low walls, corridors, landscape pavilions, tree ponds, etc. Mainly suitable for outdoor use.
Common sizes: 100x100, 200x200, 300x300, 400x400, 500x500, 600x600, 800x800. The squares are 100x200, 200x400, 300x600, 400x800-200x1200. 100x600 (1200), 150x600 (1200)
Cultural stone, bar stone, sandstone, schist, volcanic rock, shale, anticorrosive wood:
Uses: Commonly used in paving and structures such as squares, platforms, roads, landscape walls, low walls, corridors, landscape pavilions, tree ponds, etc. Mainly suitable for outdoor use.
Size: generally 200x100 (fragmentation), 300x600x30, 50x300 or 500-600, 300x500x30, etc.
Permeable brick, sintered brick, high pressure brick, grass planting brick, green brick, red brick:
Uses: Commonly used in paving and structures such as roads, sidewalks, platforms, squares, landscape walls, tree ponds, corridors, landscape pavilions, etc., and mainly used outdoors.
Size: 200x100x50, 230x115x50, 400x600x100, etc.
Pineapple lattice, Pinus sylvestris var.mongolica, Finnish wood, chestnut wood, high-pressure bamboo:
Uses: It is often used for paving and structures such as hydrophilic platforms, wooden platforms, wooden planks, corridors, landscape pavilions, etc., and is mainly used outdoors.
Size: generally 100x1200, 150x1200, 100x1500, 150x1500, etc.
Feed stone, gravel, river pebble, rain stone:
Uses: Gravel, river pebbles, and rainstone are often scattered on squares, platforms, and roadsides. They can also be used for roadside paving for drainage. Material stone is mainly used in paving and structures such as Daoya, King Wall, Low Wall, Gallery, Landscape Pavilion, Tree Pond, etc.
Size: freely customized according to the actual design.
Three garden paving performance elements
Different scales of paving patterns can achieve different spatial effects. The size of the paving pattern can have a certain effect on the external space. The larger and more developed shape will give the space a sense of spacious scale, while the smaller and tighter shape will give the space a sense of compression and privacy.
Through different size patterns and reasonable use of materials with different colors and textures around it, it can affect the proportional relationship of the space and construct a layout that is in harmony with the environment. Generally large-sized granite, polished tiles and other materials are suitable for large spaces, while small and medium-sized floor tiles and small-sized mosaics are more suitable for some small and medium-sized spaces.
2. Paving color
The color of the paving should be in harmony with the hue of the surrounding environment. It is also a manifestation of the soul and can strongly penetrate the designer's emotions into people's hearts. The choice of color should fully consider people's psychological feelings. Color has a distinct personality, warm tones are warm, cold tones are elegant, bright tones are light, and dark tones are quiet.
The application of color should pursue the change in unity, that is, the color of the paving should be coordinated with the entire garden landscape. At the same time, the basic principles of garden art, using the visual changes of warm and cold rhythms and changes in priorities, break the uniform dullness of colors. The most important thing is to be stable and not dull, bright and not tacky.
3. Texture of paving
The paving texture relies heavily on the texture of the material to convey various feelings to people. For large spaces to be rough, you should choose materials with thick, thick texture and obvious lines, because roughness often makes people feel stable, heavy, and cheerful; in addition, under the hot sun, rough paving can better absorb light, Does not look dazzling.
Small spaces should use smaller, smoother, finer materials, giving a sense of lightness, refinement, and softness. Different materials create different beauty effects. Materials of different textures appear in the same landscape. We must pay attention to their harmony and properly apply similar and contrast principles to form a unified and harmonious garden paved landscape.
Garden paving can use a variety of patterns to set off and beautify the environment and increase the landscape of the garden. The patterns have various changes due to different environments and places, and different patterns give people different psychological feelings.
Some pavements paved with bricks to become straight or parallel lines have the effect of enhancing the design of the ground; some regular forms will produce a static feeling, implying the emergence of a static space, such as square, rectangular paving; triangles and other irregular patterns The combination is more dynamic.
More commonly used in gardens are irregular pavements that imitate nature, such as chaotic stone patterns, ice cracks, etc., which can remind people of the countryside and wilderness, and have a simple and natural feeling.
Four garden paving functions
1. Division and change of space
Pavement forms the boundary of space through the change of materials or patterns, and produces different hints in human psychology, achieving the effect of spatial separation and functional changes. Two event spaces with different functions often use different paving materials, or even with the same material, different paving styles.
2. Guidance and strengthening of sight
In garden design, straight line paving is often used to guide visitors forward; in places where visitors need to stop and stay, non-directional or stable paving is used; when visitors need to pay attention to an important scenic spot, then Pavement that gathers in the direction of the attraction.
In addition, by changing the paving lines, you can enhance the sense of space. For example, lines parallel to the horizon should be used to emphasize the depth of the paving surface, and paving lines perpendicular to the horizon should be used to emphasize the width. Reasonable use of this function can be used in Visually adjust the size of the space to make the small space larger and the narrow road wider.
3. The embodiment of mood and theme
Good landscape paving can often play a role in accentuating, supplementing or interpreting the theme, and using paving patterns to strengthen the artistic conception is also one of the techniques of Chinese garden art.
This type of paving uses words, graphics, special symbols, etc. to convey the theme of the space and deepen the artistic conception. It is more common in some monumental, intellectual, and guiding spaces.
So how should it be paved in the courtyard?
In the courtyard construction process, paving is one of the essential elements. Unlike the park ground paving,
The courtyard paving looks more delicate and exquisite, there are more materials available, and the style created is more diversified.
Because the area of the courtyard is relatively small, and the scale is close to people, the hard landscape part in the courtyard
It needs to be more refined. Paving, as a very important part of the hard landscape, also needs to be refined.
Only when the processing is in place can a better sense of quality be exhibited.
Ting step is often used in courtyard paving. Ting step is more rich in texture and has a very good combination with gravel.
For delicate effect, Tingbu mostly uses granite with high hardness and corrosion resistance.
There are many materials for the courtyard paving. Granite can be used, as well as slate, wool stone, blue stone, crushed stone, washed stone, anticorrosive wood and other materials.